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Title: CENTRAL ROTATIONS OF MILKY WAY GLOBULAR CLUSTERS

Most Milky Way globular clusters (GCs) exhibit measurable flattening, even if on a very low level. Both cluster rotation and tidal fields are thought to cause this flattening. Nevertheless, rotation has only been confirmed in a handful of GCs, based mostly on individual radial velocities at large radii. We are conducting a survey of the central kinematics of Galactic GCs using the new Integral Field Unit instrument VIRUS-W. We detect rotation in all 11 GCs that we have observed so far, rendering it likely that a large majority of the Milky Way GCs rotate. We use published catalogs of GCs to derive central ellipticities and position angles. We show that in all cases where the central ellipticity permits an accurate measurement of the position angle, those angles are in excellent agreement with the kinematic position angles that we derive from the VIRUS-W velocity fields. We find an unexpected tight correlation between central rotation and outer ellipticity, indicating that rotation drives flattening for the objects in our sample. We also find a tight correlation between central rotation and published values for the central velocity dispersion, most likely due to rotation impacting the old dispersion measurements.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)
  2. McDonald Observatory, The University of Texas at Austin, 2515 Speedway, Stop C1402, Austin, TX 78712-1206 (United States)
  3. University Observatory Munich, Scheinerstra├če 1, D-81679 Munich (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365823
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 787; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CORRELATIONS; MILKY WAY; RADIAL VELOCITY; ROTATION; STAR CLUSTERS; STARS