skip to main content

Title: LONG-TERM EVOLUTION OF PLANET-INDUCED VORTICES IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS

Recent observations of large-scale asymmetric features in protoplanetary disks suggest that large-scale vortices exist in such disks. Massive planets are known to be able to produce deep gaps in protoplanetary disks. The gap edges could become hydrodynamically unstable to the Rossby wave/vortex instability and form large-scale vortices. In this study we examine the long-term evolution of these vortices by carrying out high-resolution two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations that last more than 10{sup 4} orbits (measured at the planet's orbit). We find that the disk viscosity has a strong influence on both the emergence and lifetime of vortices. In the outer disk region where asymmetric features are observed, our simulation results suggest that the disk viscous α needs to be low, ∼10{sup –5}-10{sup –4}, to sustain vortices to thousands and up to 10{sup 4} orbits in certain cases. The chance of finding a vortex feature in a disk then decreases with smaller planet orbital radius. For α ∼ 10{sup –3} or larger, even planets with masses of 5 M {sub J} will have difficulty either producing or sustaining vortices. We have also studied the effects of different disk temperatures and planet masses. We discuss the implications of our findings on current and futuremore » protoplanetary disk observations.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
  3. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365766
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 788; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCRETION DISKS; ASYMMETRY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; HYDRODYNAMICS; LIFETIME; MASS; ORBITS; PLANETS; PROTOPLANETS; RESOLUTION; STAR EVOLUTION; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; VISCOSITY; VORTICES