skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: THE MILKY WAY AS A HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXY: THE IMPORTANCE OF THICK DISK FORMATION IN GALAXIES

We compare the star formation history and dynamics of the Milky Way (MW) with the properties of distant disk galaxies. During the first ∼4 Gyr of its evolution, the MW formed stars with a high star formation intensity (SFI), Σ{sub SFR} ≈ 0.6 M {sub ☉} yr{sup –1} kpc{sup –2} and as a result, generated outflows and high turbulence in its interstellar medium (ISM). This intense phase of star formation corresponds to the formation of the thick disk. The formation of the thick disk is a crucial phase that enables the MW to have formed approximately half of its total stellar mass by z ∼ 1 which is similar to ''MW progenitor galaxies'' selected by abundance matching. This agreement suggests that the formation of the thick disk may be a generic evolutionary phase in disk galaxies. Using a simple energy injection-kinetic energy relationship between the one-dimensional velocity dispersion and SFI, we can reproduce the average perpendicular dispersion in stellar velocities of the MW with age. This relationship, its inferred evolution, and required efficiency are consistent with observations of galaxies from z ≈ 0-3. The high turbulence generated by intense star formation naturally resulted in a thick disk, a chemically well-mixedmore » ISM, and is the mechanism that links the evolution of MW to the observed characteristics of distant disk galaxies.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095, CNRS, l'Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France)
  2. GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, UMR 8111, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon (France)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365708
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 789; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; APPROXIMATIONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; KINETIC ENERGY; MASS; MILKY WAY; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; RED SHIFT; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; TURBULENCE; VELOCITY