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Title: Numerical simulations of quiet sun magnetism: On the contribution from a small-scale dynamo

We present a series of radiative MHD simulations addressing the origin and distribution of the mixed polarity magnetic field in the solar photosphere. To this end, we consider numerical simulations that cover the uppermost 2-6 Mm of the solar convection zone and we explore scales ranging from 2 km to 25 Mm. We study how the strength and distribution of the magnetic field in the photosphere and subsurface layers depend on resolution, domain size, and boundary conditions. We find that 50% of the magnetic energy at the τ = 1 level comes from fields with the less than 500 G strength and that 50% of the energy resides on scales smaller than about 100 km. While the probability distribution functions are essentially independent of resolution, properly describing the spectral energy distribution requires grid spacings of 8 km or smaller. The formation of flux concentrations in the photosphere exceeding 1 kG requires a mean vertical field strength greater than 30-40 G at τ = 1. The filling factor of kG flux concentrations increases with overall domain size as the magnetic field becomes organized by larger, longer-lived flow structures. A solution with a mean vertical field strength of around 85 G atmore » τ = 1 requires a subsurface rms field strength increasing with depth at the same rate as the equipartition field strength. We consider this an upper limit for the quiet Sun field strength, which implies that most of the convection zone is magnetized close to the equipartition. We discuss these findings in view of recent high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of quiet Sun magnetism.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. High Altitude Observatory, NCAR, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365668
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 789; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABUNDANCE; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CONVECTION; DISTRIBUTION; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; ENERGY SPECTRA; LAYERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETISM; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PHOTOSPHERE; PROBABILITY; RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER; RESOLUTION; SUN