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Title: A STELLAR WIND ORIGIN FOR THE G2 CLOUD: THREE-DIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS

We present three-dimensional, adaptive mesh refinement simulations of G2, a cloud of gas moving in a highly eccentric orbit toward the galactic center. We assume that G2 originates from a stellar wind interacting with the environment of the Sgr A* black hole. The stellar wind forms a cometary bubble which becomes increasingly elongated as the star approaches periastron. A few months after periastron passage, streams of material begin to accrete on the central black hole with accretion rates M-dot ∼10{sup −8} M {sub ☉} yr{sup –1}. Predicted Brγ emission maps and position-velocity diagrams show an elongated emission resembling recent observations of G2. A large increase in luminosity is predicted by the emission coming from the shocked wind region during periastron passage. The observations, showing a constant Brγ luminosity, remain puzzling, and are explained here assuming that the emission is dominated by the free-wind region. The observed Brγ luminosity (∼8 × 10{sup 30} erg s{sup –1}) is reproduced by a model with a v{sub w} = 50 km s{sup –1} wind velocity and a 10{sup –7} M {sub ☉} yr{sup –1} mass-loss rate if the emission comes from the shocked wind. A faster and less dense wind reproduces the Brγ luminosity if the emission comes from themore » inner, free-wind region. The extended cometary wind bubble, largely destroyed by the tidal interaction with the black hole, reforms a few years after periastron passage. As a result, the Brγ emission is more compact after periastron passage.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A. P. 70-543 04510 D. F. (Mexico)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365656
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 789; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCRETION DISKS; BLACK HOLES; BUBBLES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DIAGRAMS; GALAXIES; LUMINOSITY; MASS TRANSFER; ORBITS; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS