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Title: No X-rays from the very nearby type Ia SN 2014J: Constraints on its environment

Deep X-ray observations of the post-explosion environment around the very nearby Type Ia SN 2014J (d{sub L} = 3.5 Mpc) reveal no X-ray emission down to a luminosity L{sub x} < 7 × 10{sup 36} erg s{sup –1} (0.3-10 keV) at δt ∼ 20 days after the explosion. We interpret this limit in the context of inverse Compton emission from upscattered optical photons by the supernova shock and constrain the pre-explosion mass-loss rate of the stellar progenitor system to be M-dot <10{sup −9} M{sub ⊙} yr{sup −1} (for wind velocity v{sub w} = 100 km s{sup –1}). Alternatively, the SN shock might be expanding into a uniform medium with density n{sub CSM} < 3 cm{sup –3}. These results rule out single-degenerate (SD) systems with steady mass loss until the terminal explosion and constrain the fraction of transferred material lost at the outer Lagrangian point to be ≤1%. The allowed progenitors are (1) white dwarf-white dwarf progenitors, (2) SD systems with unstable hydrogen burning experiencing recurrent nova eruptions with recurrence time t < 300 yr, and (3) stars where the mass loss ceases before the explosion.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  2. Astronomy Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365588
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 790; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; EMISSION; ERUPTION; EXPLOSIONS; HYDROGEN BURNING; KEV RANGE; LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION; LIMITING VALUES; LUMINOSITY; MASS TRANSFER; PHOTONS; STELLAR WINDS; SUPERNOVAE; VELOCITY; WHITE DWARF STARS; X RADIATION