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Title: XMM-Newton observations of young and energetic pulsar J2022+3842

We report on XMM-Newton EPIC observations of the young pulsar J2022+3842, with a characteristic age of 8.9 kyr. We detected X-ray pulsations and found the pulsation period P ≈ 48.6 ms, and its derivative P-dot ≈8.6×10{sup −14}, which is two times larger than previously reported values. The pulsar exhibits two very narrow (FWHM ∼1.2 ms) X-ray pulses each rotation, separated by ≈0.48 of the period, with a pulsed fraction of ≈0.8. Using the correct values of P and P-dot , we calculate the pulsar's spin-down power E-dot =3.0×10{sup 37} erg s{sup –1} and magnetic field B = 2.1 × 10{sup 12} G. The pulsar spectrum is well modeled with a hard power-law (PL) model (photon index Γ = 0.9 ± 0.1, hydrogen column density n{sub H} = (2.3 ± 0.3) × 10{sup 22} cm{sup –2}). We detect a weak off-pulse emission, which can be modeled with a softer PL (Γ ≈ 1.7 ± 0.7), that is poorly constrained because of contamination in the EPIC-pn timing mode data. The pulsar's X-ray efficiency in the 0.5-8 keV energy band, η{sub PSR}=L{sub PSR}/ E-dot =2×10{sup −4}(D/10 kpc){sup 2}, is similar to those of other pulsars. The XMM-Newton observation did not detect extended emissionmore » around the pulsar. Our re-analysis of Chandra X-ray Observatory archival data shows a hard, Γ ≈ 0.9 ± 0.5, spectrum and a low efficiency, η{sub PWN} ∼ 2 × 10{sup –5}(D/10 kpc){sup 2}, for the compact pulsar wind nebula, unresolved in the XMM-Newton images.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365508
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 790; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; DENSITY; EFFICIENCY; EMISSION; IMAGES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NEBULAE; NEUTRONS; PHOTONS; PULSARS; PULSATIONS; ROTATION; SPECTRA; SPIN; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; X RADIATION