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Title: The apogee red-clump catalog: Precise distances, velocities, and high-resolution elemental abundances over a large area of the Milky Way's disk

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey III's Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) is a high-resolution near-infrared spectroscopic survey covering all of the major components of the Galaxy, including the dust-obscured regions of the inner Milky Way disk and bulge. Here we present a sample of 10,341 likely red-clump stars (RC) from the first two years of APOGEE operations, selected based on their position in color-metallicity-surface-gravity-effective-temperature space using a new method calibrated using stellar evolution models and high-quality asteroseismology data. The narrowness of the RC locus in color-metallicity-luminosity space allows us to assign distances to the stars with an accuracy of 5%-10%. The sample extends to typical distances of about 3 kpc from the Sun, with some stars out to 8 kpc, and spans a volume of approximately 100 kpc{sup 3} over 5 kpc ≲ R ≲ 14 kpc, |Z| ≲ 2 kpc, and –15° ≲ Galactocentric azimuth ≲ 30°. The APOGEE red-clump (APOGEE-RC) catalog contains photometry from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, reddening estimates, distances, line-of-sight velocities, stellar parameters and elemental abundances determined from the high-resolution APOGEE spectra, and matches to major proper motion catalogs. We determine the survey selection function for this data set and discuss howmore » the RC selection samples the underlying stellar populations. We use this sample to limit any azimuthal variations in the median metallicity within the ≈45° azimuthal region covered by the current sample to be ≤0.02 dex, which is more than an order of magnitude smaller than the radial metallicity gradient. This result constrains coherent non-axisymmetric flows within a few kiloparsecs from the Sun.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ; ;  [6] ; ;  [7] ; ; ; ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [13] ;  [14] more »; « less
  1. Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)
  2. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
  3. Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  4. Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova-INAF, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy)
  5. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  6. Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 22904 (United States)
  7. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States)
  8. Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)
  9. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129 (United States)
  10. Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)
  11. Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)
  12. Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States)
  13. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)
  14. Apache Point Observatory and New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM, 88349-0059 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365489
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 790; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABUNDANCE; APPROXIMATIONS; CATALOGS; COLOR; DISTANCE; DUSTS; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GRAVITATION; ISOCHRONOUS CYCLOTRONS; LUMINOSITY; METALLICITY; MILKY WAY; PHOTOMETRY; PROPER MOTION; SPACE DEPENDENCE; SPECTRA; STAR EVOLUTION; SUN; SURFACES