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Title: Moat flow system around sunspots in shallow subsurface layers

We investigate the subsurface moat flow system around McIntosh H-type symmetrical sunspots and compare it to the flow system within supergranular cells. Representatives of both types of flows are constructed by means of the statistical averaging of flow maps obtained by time-distance helioseismic inversions. We find that moat flows around H-type sunspots replace supergranular flows but there are two principal differences between the two phenomena: the moat flow is asymmetrical, probably due to the proper motion of sunspots with respect to the local frame of rest, while the flow in the supergranular cell is highly symmetrical. Furthermore, the whole moat is a downflow region, while the supergranule contains the upflow in the center, which turns into the downflow at about 60% of the cell radius from its center. We estimate that the mass downflow rate in the moat region is at least two times larger than the mass circulation rate within the supergranular cell.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (v. v. i.), Fričova 298, CZ-25165 Ondřejov (Czech Republic)
  2. Astronomical Institute, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, CZ-18000 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365480
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 790; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONVECTION; DISTANCE; LAYERS; PROPER MOTION; SUN; SUNSPOTS