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Title: An XMM-Newton study of the mixed-morphology supernova remnant W28 (G6.4–0.1)

We have performed an XMM-Newton imaging and spectroscopic study of supernova remnant (SNR) W28, a prototype mixed-morphology or thermal composite SNR believed to be interacting with a molecular cloud. The observed hot X-ray emitting plasma is characterized by low metal abundances, showing no evidence of ejecta. The X-rays arising from the deformed northeastern shell consist of a thermal component with a temperature of ∼0.3 keV plus a hard component of either thermal (temperature ∼0.6 keV) or non-thermal (photon index = 0.9-2.4) origin. The X-ray emission in the SNR interior is blobby and the corresponding spectra are best described as the emission from a cold (∼0.4 keV) plasma in non-equilibrium ionization with an ionization timescale of ∼4.3 × 10{sup 11} cm{sup –3} s plus a hot (∼0.8 keV) gas in collisional ionization equilibrium. Applying the two-temperature model to the smaller central regions, we find non-uniform interstellar absorption, temperature, and density distribution, which indicates that the remnant is evolving in a non-uniform environment with denser material in the east and north. The cloudlet evaporation mechanism can essentially explain the properties of the X-ray emission in the center, and thermal conduction may also play a role for length scales comparable to the remnantmore » radius. A recombining plasma model with an electron temperature of ∼0.6 keV is also feasible for describing the hot central gas with the recombination age of the gas estimated at ∼2.9 × 10{sup 4} yr.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg R3T 2N2 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365340
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 791; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; ABUNDANCE; DENSITY; DISTRIBUTION; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; EMISSION; EQUILIBRIUM; EVAPORATION; HARD COMPONENT; IONIZATION; KEV RANGE; METALS; PHOTONS; PLASMA; RECOMBINATION; SPECTRA; SUPERNOVA REMNANTS; THERMAL CONDUCTION; X RADIATION