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Title: Chemical and kinematical properties of galactic bulge stars surrounding the stellar system Terzan 5

As part of a study aimed at determining the kinematical and chemical properties of Terzan 5, we present the first characterization of the bulge stars surrounding this puzzling stellar system. We observed 615 targets located well beyond the tidal radius of Terzan 5 and found that their radial velocity distribution is well described by a Gaussian function peaked at (v {sub rad}) = +21.0 ± 4.6 km s{sup –1} with dispersion σ {sub v} = 113.0 ± 2.7 km s{sup –1}. This is one of the few high-precision spectroscopic surveys of radial velocities for a large sample of bulge stars in such a low and positive latitude environment (b = +1.°7). We found no evidence of the peak at (v {sub rad}) ∼ +200 km s{sup –1} found in Nidever et al. Strong contamination of many observed spectra by TiO bands prevented us from deriving the iron abundance for the entire spectroscopic sample, introducing a selection bias. The metallicity distribution was finally derived for a subsample of 112 stars in a magnitude range where the effect of the selection bias is negligible. The distribution is quite broad and roughly peaked at solar metallicity ([Fe/H] ≅ +0.05 dex) with a similarmore » number of stars in the super-solar and in the sub-solar ranges. The population number ratios in different metallicity ranges agree well with those observed in other low-latitude bulge fields, suggesting (1) the possible presence of a plateau for |b| < 4° in the ratio between stars in the super-solar (0 < [Fe/H] <0.5 dex) and sub-solar (–0.5 < [Fe/H] <0 dex) metallicity ranges; (2) a severe drop in the metal-poor component ([Fe/H] <–0.5) as a function of Galactic latitude.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Bologna, v.le Berti Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)
  2. INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Math-Sciences 8979, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1562 (United States)
  4. Observatoire Astronomique, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, 11 rue de l'Université, F-67000 Strasbourg (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365310
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 791; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCURACY; DISPERSIONS; DISTRIBUTION; GALAXIES; GAUSS FUNCTION; IRON; METALLICITY; RADIAL VELOCITY; SPECTRA; STAR CLUSTERS; STARS; TITANIUM OXIDES