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Title: Hydrodynamic simulation of non-thermal pressure profiles of galaxy clusters

Cosmological constraints from X-ray and microwave observations of galaxy clusters are subjected to systematic uncertainties. Non-thermal pressure support due to internal gas motions in galaxy clusters is one of the major sources of astrophysical uncertainties. Using a mass-limited sample of galaxy clusters from a high-resolution hydrodynamical cosmological simulation, we characterize the non-thermal pressure fraction profile and study its dependence on redshift, mass, and mass accretion rate. We find that the non-thermal pressure fraction profile is universal across redshift when galaxy cluster radii are defined with respect to the mean matter density of the universe instead of the commonly used critical density. We also find that the non-thermal pressure is predominantly radial, and the gas velocity anisotropy profile exhibits strong universality when galaxy cluster radii are defined with respect to the mean matter density of the universe. However, we find that the non-thermal pressure fraction is strongly dependent on the mass accretion rate of the galaxy cluster. We provide fitting formulae for the universal non-thermal pressure fraction and velocity anisotropy profiles of gas in galaxy clusters, which should be useful in modeling astrophysical uncertainties pertinent to using galaxy clusters as cosmological probes.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)
  2. Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365234
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANISOTROPY; ASTROPHYSICS; COSMOLOGY; DENSITY; GALAXY CLUSTERS; HYDRODYNAMIC MODEL; LIMITING VALUES; MASS; MATTER; MICROWAVE RADIATION; RED SHIFT; RESOLUTION; SIMULATION; UNIVERSE; VELOCITY; X RADIATION