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Title: Comparison of two-fluid and gyrokinetic models for kinetic Alfvén waves in solar and space plasmas

An analytical comparative study of a two-fluid and a gyrokinetic model of kinetic Alfvén waves (KAWs) is presented for various solar and space plasma environments. Based on the linear KAW dispersion relation for gyrokinetics (Howes et al. 2006), the wave group velocity and electromagnetic polarizations are obtained analytically. Then the gyrokinetic wave properties are compared with those of the two-fluid model. The results show that both models agree well with each other not only in the long wavelength regime (>> the ion gyroradius ρ {sub i}) for all cases considered, but also in wavelengths ∼ρ {sub i} and <<ρ {sub i} (still much larger than the electron gyroscale) for a moderate or low (≲ 1) and a high (>>1) ion/electron temperature ratio T {sub 0i}/T {sub 0e}, respectively. However, the fluid model calculations deviate strongly from the gyrokinetic model at scales <ρ {sub i} for a relatively low T {sub 0i}/T {sub 0e} due to the electron gyroradius effect. Meanwhile, the plasma β {sub i} can make the gyrokinetic dispersion relation of KAWs become complex and sometimes have an oscillation-like structure. With the inherent simplicity of the fluid theory, these results may improve our understanding of the applicability of themore » two-fluid model, and may have important implications for computer simulation studies of KAWs in the solar and space plasma surroundings.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
  2. Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)
  3. Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365220
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALFVEN WAVES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DISPERSION RELATIONS; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; ELECTRONS; FLUIDS; IONS; OSCILLATIONS; PLASMA; POLARIZATION; SPACE; WAVELENGTHS