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Title: CLASH: A census of magnified star-forming galaxies at z ∼ 6-8

We utilize 16 band Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of 18 lensing clusters obtained as part of the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH) Multi-Cycle Treasury program to search for z ∼ 6-8 galaxies. We report the discovery of 204, 45, and 13 Lyman-break galaxy candidates at z ∼ 6, z ∼ 7, and z ∼ 8, respectively, identified from purely photometric redshift selections. This large sample, representing nearly an order of magnitude increase in the number of magnified star-forming galaxies at z ∼ 6-8 presented to date, is unique in that we have observations in four WFC3/UVIS UV, seven ACS/WFC optical, and all five WFC3/IR broadband filters, which enable very accurate photometric redshift selections. We construct detailed lensing models for 17 of the 18 clusters to estimate object magnifications and to identify two new multiply lensed z ≳ 6 candidates. The median magnifications over the 17 clusters are 4, 4, and 5 for the z ∼ 6, z ∼ 7, and z ∼ 8 samples, respectively, over an average area of 4.5 arcmin{sup 2} per cluster. We compare our observed number counts with expectations based on convolving 'blank' field UV luminosity functions through our cluster lens modelsmore » and find rough agreement down to ∼27 mag, where we begin to suffer significant incompleteness. In all three redshift bins, we find a higher number density at brighter observed magnitudes than the field predictions, empirically demonstrating for the first time the enhanced efficiency of lensing clusters over field surveys. Our number counts also are in general agreement with the lensed expectations from the cluster models, especially at z ∼ 6, where we have the best statistics.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ; ;  [5] ; ;  [6] ;  [7] ; ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [13] more »; « less
  1. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  2. Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Zentrum für Astronomie, Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, D-29120 Heidelberg (Germany)
  3. Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Leiden (Netherlands)
  4. INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste (Italy)
  5. Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Mariesvej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)
  6. University Observatory Munich, Scheinerstrasse 1, D-81679 Munich (Germany)
  7. ESO-European Southern Observatory, D-85748 Garching bei München (Germany)
  8. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  9. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Siena College, 515 Loudon Road, Loudonville, NY 12211 (United States)
  10. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)
  11. Department of Astronomy, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)
  12. Department of Theoretical Physics and History of Science, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, PO Box 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)
  13. Institut de Ciéncies de l'Espai (IEEC-CSIC), E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365178
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CLUSTER MODEL; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DENSITY; EFFICIENCY; GALAXIES; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; LUMINOSITY; RED SHIFT; SPACE; STAR CLUSTERS; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; STATISTICS; TELESCOPES