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Title: Connecting X-ray and infrared variability among young stellar objects: ruling out potential sources of disk fluctuations

Variability in the infrared emission from disks around pre-main-sequence stars over the course of days to weeks appears to be common, but the physical cause of the changes in disk structure are not constrained. Here we present coordinated monitoring of one young cluster with the Spitzer and Chandra space telescopes aimed at studying the physical source of the variability. In fall 2011 we obtained 10 epochs of Chandra ACIS photometry over a period of 30 days with a roughly 3 day cadence contemporaneous with 20 epochs of Spitzer [3.6], [4.5] photometry over 40 days with a roughly 2 day cadence of the IC 348 cluster. This cadence allows us to search for week- to month-long responses of the infrared emission to changes in the high-energy flux. We find no strong evidence for a direct link between the X-ray and infrared variability on these timescales among 39 cluster members with circumstellar disks. There is no significant correlation between the shape of the infrared and X-ray light curves or between the sizes of the X-ray and infrared variability. Among the stars with an X-ray flare, none showed evidence of a correlated change in the infrared photometry on timescales of days to weeksmore » following the flare. This lack of connection implies that X-ray heating of the planet-forming region of the disk is not significant, although we cannot rule out rapid or instantaneous changes in infrared emission.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8]
  1. Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
  2. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  3. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  4. Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)
  5. Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  6. Department of Astronomy, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459 (United States)
  7. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States)
  8. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365064
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 793; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCRETION DISKS; CORRELATIONS; EMISSION; FLUCTUATIONS; HEATING; INFRARED RADIATION; MAIN SEQUENCE STARS; PHOTOMETRY; PLANETS; SPACE; TELESCOPES; VISIBLE RADIATION; X RADIATION