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Title: Kinematic modeling of the Milky Way using the RAVE and GCS stellar surveys

We investigate the kinematic parameters of the Milky Way disk using the Radial Velocity Experiment (RAVE) and Geneva-Copenhagen Survey (GCS) stellar surveys. We do this by fitting a kinematic model to the data and taking the selection function of the data into account. For stars in the GCS we use all phase-space coordinates, but for RAVE stars we use only (ℓ, b, v {sub los}). Using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo technique, we investigate the full posterior distributions of the parameters given the data. We investigate the age-velocity dispersion relation for the three kinematic components (σ {sub R}, σ{sub φ}, σ {sub z}), the radial dependence of the velocity dispersions, the solar peculiar motion (U {sub ☉}, V {sub ☉}, W {sub ☉}), the circular speed Θ{sub 0} at the Sun, and the fall of mean azimuthal motion with height above the midplane. We confirm that the Besançon-style Gaussian model accurately fits the GCS data but fails to match the details of the more spatially extended RAVE survey. In particular, the Shu distribution function (DF) handles noncircular orbits more accurately and provides a better fit to the kinematic data. The Gaussian DF not only fits the data poorly but systematicallymore » underestimates the fall of velocity dispersion with radius. The radial scale length of the velocity dispersion profile of the thick disk was found to be smaller than that of the thin disk. We find that correlations exist between a number of parameters, which highlights the importance of doing joint fits. The large size of the RAVE survey allows us to get precise values for most parameters. However, large systematic uncertainties remain, especially in V {sub ☉} and Θ{sub 0}. We find that, for an extended sample of stars, Θ{sub 0} is underestimated by as much as 10% if the vertical dependence of the mean azimuthal motion is neglected. Using a simple model for vertical dependence of kinematics, we find that it is possible to match the Sgr A* proper motion without any need for V {sub ☉} being larger than that estimated locally by surveys like GCS.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ; ;  [5] ; ;  [6] ;  [7] ; ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ; ;  [12] ;  [13] ;  [14] more »; « less
  1. Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)
  2. Rudolf Peierls Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom)
  3. RSAA Australian National University, Mount Stromlo Observatory, Cotter Road, Weston Creek, Canberra, ACT 72611 (Australia)
  4. Leibniz Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sterwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany)
  5. Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
  6. Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, F-67000 Strasbourg (France)
  7. Jeremiah Horrocks Institute for Astrophysics and Super-computing, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)
  8. Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom)
  9. Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)
  10. INAF-Astronomical Observatory of Padova, I-36012 Asiago (VI) (Italy)
  11. University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Station CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada)
  12. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109 (Australia)
  13. Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT (United Kingdom)
  14. Australian Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 296, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365023
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 793; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CORRELATIONS; DATA ANALYSIS; DISPERSION RELATIONS; DISPERSIONS; DISTRIBUTION; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; MARKOV PROCESS; MILKY WAY; MONTE CARLO METHOD; ORBITS; PHASE SPACE; PROPER MOTION; RADIAL VELOCITY; SIMULATION; STARS; SUN