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Title: A RIGOROUS FREE-FORM LENS MODEL OF A2744 TO MEET THE HUBBLE FRONTIER FIELDS CHALLENGE

Hubble Frontier Fields (HFF) imaging of the most powerful lensing clusters provides access to the most magnified distant galaxies. The challenge is to construct lens models capable of describing these complex massive, merging clusters so that individual lensed systems can be reliably identified and their intrinsic properties accurately derived. We apply the free-form lensing method (WSLAP+) to A2744, providing a model independent map of the cluster mass, magnification, and geometric distance estimates to multiply lensed sources. We solve simultaneously for a smooth cluster component on a pixel grid, together with local deflections by the cluster member galaxies. Combining model prediction with photometric redshift measurements, we correct and complete several systems recently claimed and identify four new systems totaling 65 images of 21 systems spanning a redshift range of 1.4 < z < 9.8. The reconstructed mass shows small enhancements in the directions where significant amounts of hot plasma can be seen in X-ray. We compare photometric redshifts with ''geometric redshifts'', finding a high level of self-consistency. We find excellent agreement between predicted and observed fluxes with a best-fit slope of 0.999 ± 0.013 and an rms of ∼0.25 mag, demonstrating that our magnification correction of the lensed background galaxies ismore » very reliable. Intriguingly, few multiply lensed galaxies are detected beyond z ≅ 7.0, despite the high magnification and the limiting redshift of z ≅ 11.5 permitted by the HFF filters. With the additional HFF clusters, we can better examine the plausibility of any pronounced high-z deficit with potentially important implications for the reionization epoch and the nature of dark matter.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ; ;  [5]
  1. Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong)
  2. Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Basque Country UPV/EHU, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)
  3. Instituto de Física de Cantabria, CSIC-Universidad de Cantabria, E-39005 Santander (Spain)
  4. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  5. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364837
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 797; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRECTIONS; GALAXIES; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; HOT PLASMA; IMAGES; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; PHOTOMETRY; RED SHIFT; X RADIATION