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Title: EXPANSION OF HYDROGEN-POOR KNOTS IN THE BORN-AGAIN PLANETARY NEBULAE A30 AND A78

We analyze the expansion of hydrogen-poor knots and filaments in the born-again planetary nebulae A30 and A78 based on Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images obtained almost 20 yr apart. The proper motion of these features generally increases with distance to the central star, but the fractional expansion decreases, i.e., the expansion is not homologous. As a result, there is not a unique expansion age, which is estimated to be 610-950 yr for A30 and 600-1140 yr for A78. The knots and filaments have experienced complex dynamical processes: the current fast stellar wind is mass loaded by the material ablated from the inner knots; the ablated material is then swept up until it shocks the inner edges of the outer, hydrogen-rich nebula. The angular expansion of the outer filaments shows a clear dependence on position angle, indicating that the interaction of the stellar wind with the innermost knots channels the wind along preferred directions. The apparent angular expansion of the innermost knots seems to be dominated by the rocket effect of evaporating gas and by the propagation of the ionization front inside them. Radiation-hydrodynamical simulations show that a single ejection of material followed by a rapid onset of the stellar wind and ionizing fluxmore » can reproduce the variety of clumps and filaments at different distances from the central star found in A30 and A78.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ; ; ;  [5]
  1. Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada (Spain)
  2. Centro de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Morelia, 58090 Morelia (Mexico)
  3. Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  5. Institute for Physics and Astronomy, Universität Potsdam, D-14476 Potsdam (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364818
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 797; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DISTANCE; EXPANSION; FILAMENTS; HYDROGEN; IMAGES; MASS; PLANETARY NEBULAE; PROPER MOTION; SPACE; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; TELESCOPES