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Title: MEASURING THE SOLAR RADIUS FROM SPACE DURING THE 2012 VENUS TRANSIT

We report in this work the determination of the solar radius from observations by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) and the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instruments on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory during the 2012 June Venus transit of the Sun. Two different methods were utilized to determine the solar radius using images of Sun taken by the HMI instrument. The first technique fit the measured trajectory of Venus in front of the Sun for seven wavelengths across the Fe I absorption line at 6173 Å. The solar radius determined from this method varies with the measurement wavelength, reflecting the variation in the height of line formation. The second method measured the area of the Sun obscured by Venus to determine the transit duration from which the solar radius was derived. This analysis focused on measurements taken in the continuum wing of the line, and applied a correction for the instrumental point spread function (PSF) of the HMI images. Measurements taken in the continuum wing of the 6173 Å line, resulted in a derived solar radius at 1 AU of 959.''57 ± 0.''02 (695, 946 ± 15 km). The AIA instrument observed the Venus transit at ultraviolet wavelengths. Usingmore » the solar disk obscuration technique, similar to that applied to the HMI images, analysis of the AIA data resulted in values of R {sub ☉} = 963.''04 ± 0.''03 at 1600 Å and R {sub ☉} = 961.''76 ± 0.''03 at 1700 Å.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Observatório Astronômico Departamento de Geociências, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, Paraná (Brazil)
  2. HEPL Solar Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)
  3. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364733
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 798; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; CORRECTIONS; IMAGE PROCESSING; IRON; PHOTOSPHERE; SPACE; SUN; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; VARIATIONS; VENUS PLANET; WAVELENGTHS