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Title: THE NEAR-ULTRAVIOLET LUMINOSITY FUNCTION OF YOUNG, EARLY M-TYPE DWARF STARS

Planets orbiting within the close-in habitable zones of M dwarf stars will be exposed to elevated high-energy radiation driven by strong magnetohydrodynamic dynamos during stellar youth. Near-ultraviolet (NUV) irradiation can erode and alter the chemistry of planetary atmospheres, and a quantitative description of the evolution of NUV emission from M dwarfs is needed when modeling these effects. We investigated the NUV luminosity evolution of early M-type dwarfs by cross-correlating the Lépine and Gaidos catalog of bright M dwarfs with the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) catalog of NUV (1771-2831 Å) sources. Of the 4805 sources with GALEX counterparts, 797 have NUV emission significantly (>2.5σ) in excess of an empirical basal level. We inspected these candidate active stars using visible-wavelength spectra, high-resolution adaptive optics imaging, time-series photometry, and literature searches to identify cases where the elevated NUV emission is due to unresolved background sources or stellar companions; we estimated the overall occurrence of these ''false positives'' (FPs) as ∼16%. We constructed an NUV luminosity function that accounted for FPs, detection biases of the source catalogs, and GALEX upper limits. We found the NUV luminosity function to be inconsistent with predictions from a constant star-formation rate and simplified age-activity relation defined by amore » two-parameter power law.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ; ; ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8]
  1. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)
  2. Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)
  3. Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302 (United States)
  5. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Casilla 603 La Serena (Chile)
  6. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio, C1428EHA Buenos Aires (Argentina)
  7. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States)
  8. Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364726
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 798; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DETECTION; DWARF STARS; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; IRRADIATION; LUMINOSITY; MASS; NEAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; OPTICS; PHOTOMETRY; PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES; PLANETS; RESOLUTION; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION