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Title: MID-IR SPECTRA OF TYPE Ia SN 2014J IN M82 SPANNING THE FIRST 4 MONTHS

We present a time series of 8-13 μm spectra and photometry for SN 2014J obtained 57, 81, 108, and 137 days after the explosion using CanariCam on the Gran Telescopio Canarias. This is the first mid-IR time series ever obtained for a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia). These observations can be understood within the framework of the delayed detonation model and the production of ∼0.6 M {sub ☉} of {sup 56}Ni, consistent with the observed brightness, the brightness decline relation, and the γ-ray fluxes. The [Co III] line at 11.888 μm is particularly useful for evaluating the time evolution of the photosphere and measuring the amount of {sup 56}Ni and thus the mass of the ejecta. Late-time line profiles of SN 2014J are rather symmetric and not shifted in the rest frame. We see argon emission, which provides a unique probe of mixing in the transition layer between incomplete burning and nuclear statistical equilibrium. We may see [Fe III] and [Ni IV] emission, both of which are observed to be substantially stronger than indicated by our models. If the latter identification is correct, then we are likely observing stable Ni, which might imply central mixing. In addition, electron capture, also requiredmore » for stable Ni, requires densities larger than ∼1 × 10{sup 9} g cm{sup –3}, which are expected to be present only in white dwarfs close to the Chandrasekhar limit. This study demonstrates that mid-IR studies of SNe Ia are feasible from the ground and provide unique information, but it also indicates the need for better atomic data.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9]
  1. Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32305 (United States)
  3. Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, C/ Vía Láctea, s/n E-38205 La Laguna (Tenerife) (Spain)
  4. School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, P.O. Box 7916, Canberra BC ACT 2610 (Australia)
  5. School of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)
  6. Gemini Observatory, Casilla 603, c/o AURA, La Serena (Chile)
  7. Physics and Astronomy Department, University of Texas at San Antonio, 1 UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 (United States)
  8. Service d'Astrophysique CEA Saclay (France)
  9. Department of Astrophysics, Oxford University, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364645
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 798; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ARGON; BRIGHTNESS; COBALT IONS; ELECTRON CAPTURE; EMISSION SPECTRA; EQUILIBRIUM; INFRARED SPECTRA; LAYERS; MASS; NICKEL 56; PHOTOMETRY; PHOTOSPHERE; PROBES; STAR MODELS; SUPERNOVAE; WHITE DWARF STARS