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Title: CHARACTERIZING THE YOUNGEST HERSCHEL-DETECTED PROTOSTARS. I. ENVELOPE STRUCTURE REVEALED BY CARMA DUST CONTINUUM OBSERVATIONS

We present Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy 2.9 mm dust continuum emission observations of a sample of 14 Herschel-detected Class 0 protostars in the Orion A and B molecular clouds, drawn from the PACS Bright Red Sources (PBRS) sample. These objects are characterized by very red 24-70 μm colors and prominent submillimeter emission, suggesting that they are very young Class 0 protostars embedded in dense envelopes. We detect all of the PBRS in 2.9 mm continuum emission and emission from four protostars and one starless core in the fields toward the PBRS; we also report one new PBRS source. The ratio of 2.9 mm luminosity to bolometric luminosity is higher by a factor of ∼5 on average, compared to other well-studied protostars in the Perseus and Ophiuchus clouds. The 2.9 mm visibility amplitudes for 6 of the 14 PBRS are very flat as a function of uv distance, with more than 50% of the source emission arising from radii <1500 AU. These flat visibility amplitudes are most consistent with spherically symmetric envelope density profiles with ρ ∝ R {sup –2.5}. Alternatively, there could be a massive unresolved structure like a disk or a high-density inner envelope departing frommore » a smooth power law. The large amount of mass on scales <1500 AU (implying high average central densities) leads us to suggest that that the PBRS with flat visibility amplitude profiles are the youngest PBRS and may be undergoing a brief phase of high mass infall/accretion and are possibly among the youngest Class 0 protostars. The PBRS with more rapidly declining visibility amplitudes still have large envelope masses, but could be slightly more evolved.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ; ;  [7]
  1. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States)
  2. Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  3. Ritter Astrophysical Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43560 (United States)
  4. NASAHerschel Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
  5. European Southern Observatory, D-85748 Garching bei München (Germany)
  6. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)
  7. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364610
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 798; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; AMPLITUDES; ASTRONOMY; BOLOMETERS; CLOUDS; COLOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMIC DUST; DENSITY; LUMINOSITY; MASS; PROTOSTARS; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; VISIBILITY