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Title: AN EMBEDDED ACTIVE NUCLEUS IN THE OH MEGAMASER GALAXY IRAS16399–0937

We present a multiwavelength study of the OH megamaser galaxy IRAS16399–0937, based on new Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Advanced Camera for Surveys F814W and Hα+[N II] images and archive data from HST, Two Micron All Sky Survey, Spitzer, Herschel and the Very Large Array. This system has a double nucleus, whose northern (IRAS16399N) and southern (IRAS16399S) components have a projected separation of ∼6'' (3.4 kpc) and have previously been identified based on optical spectra as a low ionization nuclear emission line region (LINER) and starburst nucleus, respectively. The nuclei are embedded in a tidally distorted common envelope, in which star formation is mostly heavily obscured. The infrared spectrum is dominated by strong polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, but deep silicate and molecular absorption features are also present, and are strongest in the IRAS16399N nucleus. The 0.435-500 μm spectral energy distribution was fitted with a model including stellar, interstellar medium and active galactic nucleus (AGN) torus components using our new Markov Chain Monte Carlo code, CLUMPYDREAM. The results indicate that the IRAS16399N contains an AGN (L {sub bol} ∼ 10{sup 44} erg s{sup –1}) deeply embedded in a quasi-spherical distribution of optically thick clumps with a covering fraction ≈1. We suggest that these clumps are the source of the OHMmore » emission in IRAS16399–0937. The high torus covering fraction precludes AGN photoionization as the origin of the LINER spectrum, however, the spectrum is consistent with shocks (v ∼ 100-200 km s{sup –1}). We infer that the ∼10{sup 8} M {sub ☉} black hole in IRAS16399N is accreting at a small fraction (∼1%) of its Eddington rate. The low accretion rate and modest nuclear star formation rates suggest that while the gas-rich major merger forming the IRAS16399–0937 system has triggered widespread star formation, the massive gas inflows expected from merger simulations have not yet fully developed.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Departamento de Astronomia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. 9500 Bento Gonçalves, Porto Alegre, 91501-970 (Brazil)
  2. School of Physics and Astronomy, Rochester Institute of Technology, 84 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA 17837 (United States)
  4. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, II Block, Koramangala, Bangalore 560034 (India)
  5. Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science, Rochester Institute of Technology, 54 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623 (United States)
  6. Physics and Astronomy Department, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0055 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364542
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 799; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; BLACK HOLES; CAMERAS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ENERGY SPECTRA; GALAXIES; IMAGES; INFRARED SPECTRA; MONTE CARLO METHOD; ORIGIN; PHOTOIONIZATION; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; SILICATES; SPACE; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; STARS; TELESCOPES