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Title: MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC MODELING OF THE ACCRETION SHOCKS IN CLASSICAL T TAURI STARS: THE ROLE OF LOCAL ABSORPTION IN THE X-RAY EMISSION

We investigate the properties of X-ray emission from accretion shocks in classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs), generated where the infalling material impacts the stellar surface. Both observations and models of the accretion process reveal several aspects that are still unclear: the observed X-ray luminosity in accretion shocks is below the predicted value, and the density versus temperature structure of the shocked plasma, with increasing densities at higher temperature, deduced from the observations, is at odds with that proposed in the current picture of accretion shocks. To address these open issues, we investigate whether a correct treatment of the local absorption by the surrounding medium is crucial to explain the observations. To this end, we describe the impact of an accretion stream on a CTTS by considering a magnetohydrodynamic model. From the model results, we synthesize the X-ray emission from the accretion shock by producing maps and spectra. We perform density and temperature diagnostics on the synthetic spectra, and we directly compare the results with observations. Our model shows that the X-ray fluxes inferred from the emerging spectra are lower than expected because of the complex local absorption by the optically thick material of the chromosphere and of the unperturbed stream.more » Moreover, our model, including the effects of local absorption, explains in a natural way the apparently puzzling pattern of density versus temperature observed in the X-ray emission from accretion shocks.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Dip. di Fisica e Chimica, Università di Palermo, P.zza del Parlamento 1, I-90134 Palermo (Italy)
  2. INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, P.zza del Parlamento 1, I-90134 Palermo (Italy)
  3. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
  4. LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Ecole Normale Superieure, Universite Cergy-Pontoise, CNRS, F-75014 Paris (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364501
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 795; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; ACCRETION DISKS; CHROMOSPHERE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DENSITY; LUMINOSITY; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PHOTON EMISSION; PLASMA; SHOCK WAVES; SURFACES; T TAURI STARS; X RADIATION