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Title: PROBING THE FERMI BUBBLES IN ULTRAVIOLET ABSORPTION: A SPECTROSCOPIC SIGNATURE OF THE MILKY WAY'S BICONICAL NUCLEAR OUTFLOW

Giant lobes of plasma extend ≈55° above and below the Galactic center, glowing in emission from gamma rays (the Fermi Bubbles) to microwaves and polarized radio waves. We use ultraviolet absorption-line spectra from the Hubble Space Telescope to constrain the velocity of the outflowing gas within these regions, targeting the quasar PDS 456 (ℓ, b = 10.°4, +11.°2). This sightline passes through a clear biconical structure seen in hard X-ray and gamma-ray emission near the base of the northern Fermi Bubble. We report two high-velocity metal absorption components, at v {sub LSR} = –235 and +250 km s{sup –1}, which cannot be explained by co-rotating gas in the Galactic disk or halo. Their velocities are suggestive of an origin on the front and back side of an expanding biconical outflow emanating from the Galactic center. We develop simple kinematic biconical outflow models that can explain the observed profiles with an outflow velocity of ≳900 km s{sup –1} and a full opening angle of ≈110° (matching the X-ray bicone). This indicates Galactic center activity over the last ≈2.5-4.0 Myr, in line with age estimates of the Fermi Bubbles. The observations illustrate the use of UV spectroscopy to probe the properties of swept-up gas venting into the Fermimore » Bubbles.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7]
  1. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  2. Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)
  3. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 2, Rt. 28/92, Green Bank, WV 24944 (United States)
  4. Princeton University Observatory, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)
  5. Institute of Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)
  6. Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G.B. Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste (Italy)
  7. Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, 800 West Main Street, Whitewater, WI 53190 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364440
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 799; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BUBBLES; GAMMA RADIATION; HARD X RADIATION; JETS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; MILKY WAY; PHOTON EMISSION; PLASMA; PROBES; QUASARS; SPACE; TELESCOPES; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA; VELOCITY