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Title: ON THE OCCURRENCE RATE OF HOT JUPITERS IN DIFFERENT STELLAR ENVIRONMENTS

Many hot Jupiters (HJs) are detected by the Doppler and transit techniques. From surveys using these two techniques, however, the measured HJ occurrence rates differ by a factor of two or more. Using the California Planet Survey sample and the Kepler sample, we investigate the causes for this difference in the HJ occurrence rate. First, we find that 12.8% ± 0.24% of HJs are misidentified in the Kepler mission because of photometric dilution and subgiant contamination. Second, we explore the differences between the Doppler sample and the Kepler sample that can account for the different HJ occurrence rate. Third, we discuss how to measure the fundamental HJ occurrence rates by synthesizing the results from the Doppler and Kepler surveys. The fundamental HJ occurrence rates are measures of the HJ occurrence rate as a function of stellar multiplicity and evolutionary stage, e.g., the HJ occurrence rate for single and multiple stars or for main-sequence and subgiant stars. While we find qualitative evidence that HJs occur less frequently in subgiants and multiple stellar systems, we conclude that our current knowledge of stellar properties and the stellar multiplicity rate is too limited for us to reach any quantitative result for the fundamental HJmore » occurrence rates. This concern extends to η{sub Earth}, the occurrence rate of Earth-like planets.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, Southern Connecticut State University, 501 Crescent Street, New Haven, CT 06515 (United States)
  3. Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364314
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 799; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; JUPITER PLANET; MULTIPLICITY; PHOTOMETRY; RADIAL VELOCITY; SATELLITES; STAR CLUSTERS; STARS; STATISTICS