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Title: DEEP IMAGING OF M51: A NEW VIEW OF THE WHIRLPOOL’S EXTENDED TIDAL DEBRIS

We present deep, wide-field imaging of the M51 system using CWRU’s Burrell Schmidt Telescope at KPNO to study the faint tidal features that constrain its interaction history. Our images trace M51's tidal morphology down to a limiting surface brightness of μ{sub B,lim} ∼ 30 mag arcsec{sup −2} and provide accurate colors (σ{sub B−V}<0.1) down to μ{sub B} ∼ 28. We identify two new tidal streams in the system (the south and northeast plumes) with surface brightnesses of μ{sub B} = 29 and luminosities of ∼10{sup 6}L{sub ⊙,B}. While the northeast plume may be a faint outer extension of the tidal “crown” north of NGC 5195 (M51b), the south plume has no analog in any existing M51 simulation and may represent a distinct tidal stream or disrupted dwarf galaxy. We also trace the extremely diffuse northwest plume out to a total extent of 20′ (43 kpc) from NGC 5194 (M51a) and show it to be physically distinct from the overlapping bright tidal streams from M51b. The northwest plume’s morphology and red color (B−V=0.8) instead argue that it originated from tidal stripping of M51a’s extreme outer disk. Finally, we confirm the strong segregation of gas and stars in the southeast tail andmore » do not detect any diffuse stellar component in the H i portion of the tail. Extant simulations of M51 have difficulty matching both the wealth of tidal structure in the system and the lack of stars in the H i tail, motivating new modeling campaigns to study the dynamical evolution of this classic interacting system.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364273
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 800; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BRIGHTNESS; COLOR; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; IMAGES; LUMINOSITY; MORPHOLOGY; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; STRIPPING; SURFACES; TELESCOPES