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Title: A HYDRODYNAMICAL SOLUTION FOR THE ''TWIN-TAILED'' COLLIDING GALAXY CLUSTER ''EL GORDO''

The distinctive cometary X-ray morphology of the recently discovered massive galaxy cluster ''El Gordo'' (ACT-CT J0102–4915; z = 0.87) indicates that an unusually high-speed collision is ongoing between two massive galaxy clusters. A bright X-ray ''bullet'' leads a ''twin-tailed'' wake, with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) centroid at the end of the northern tail. We show how the physical properties of this system can be determined using our FLASH-based, N-body/hydrodynamic model, constrained by detailed X-ray, SZ, and Hubble lensing and dynamical data. The X-ray morphology and the location of the two dark matter components and the SZ peak are accurately described by a simple binary collision viewed about 480 million years after the first core passage. We derive an impact parameter of ≅300 kpc, and a relative initial infall velocity of ≅2250 km s{sup –1} when separated by the sum of the two virial radii assuming an initial total mass of 2.15 × 10{sup 15} M {sub ☉} and a mass ratio of 1.9. Our model demonstrates that tidally stretched gas accounts for the northern X-ray tail along the collision axis between the mass peaks, and that the southern tail lies off axis, comprising compressed and shock heated gas generated as the less massive componentmore » plunges through the main cluster. The challenge for ΛCDM will be to find out if this physically extreme event can be plausibly accommodated when combined with the similarly massive, high-infall-velocity case of the Bullet cluster and other such cases being uncovered in new SZ based surveys.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
  2. Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364224
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 800; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COSMOLOGICAL CONSTANT; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; HYDRODYNAMICS; IMPACT PARAMETER; MASS; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; MORPHOLOGY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; VELOCITY; X RADIATION