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Title: UNSHIFTED METASTABLE He I* MINI-BROAD ABSORPTION LINE SYSTEM IN THE NARROW-LINE TYPE 1 QUASAR SDSS J080248.18+551328.9

We report the identification of an unusual absorption-line system in the quasar SDSS J080248.18+551328.9 and present a detailed study of the system, incorporating follow-up optical and near-IR spectroscopy. A few tens of absorption lines are detected, including He I*, Fe II*, and Ni II*, which arise from metastable or excited levels, as well as resonant lines in Mg I, Mg II, Fe II, Mn II, and Ca II. All of the isolated absorption lines show the same profile of width Δv ∼ 1500 km s{sup –1} centered at a common redshift as that of the quasar emission lines, such as [O II], [S II], and hydrogen Paschen and Balmer series. With narrow Balmer lines, strong optical Fe II multiplets, and weak [O III] doublets, its emission-line spectrum is typical for that of a narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy (NLS1). We have derived reliable measurements of the gas-phase column densities of the absorbing ions/levels. Photoionization modeling indicates that the absorber has a density of n {sub H} ∼ (1.0-2.5) × 10{sup 5} cm{sup –3} and a column density of N {sub H} ∼ (1.0-3.2) × 10{sup 21} cm{sup –2} and is located at R ∼100-250 pc from the central supermassive black hole.more » The location of the absorber, the symmetric profile of the absorption lines, and the coincidence of the absorption- and emission-line centroid jointly suggest that the absorption gas originates from the host galaxy and is plausibly accelerated by stellar processes, such as stellar winds and/or supernova explosions. The implications for the detection of such a peculiar absorption-line system in an NLS1 are discussed in the context of coevolution between supermassive black hole growth and host galaxy buildup.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Polar Research Institute of China, 451 Jinqiao Road, Pudong, Shanghai 200136 (China)
  2. Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)
  3. National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Beijing 100012 (China)
  4. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Köln (Germany)
  5. Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, The University of Science and Technology of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui, 230026 (China)
  6. Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Nandan Road 80, Shanghai 200030 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364211
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 800; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; BALMER LINES; BLACK HOLES; DENSITY; EXCITED STATES; GALAXIES; HYDROGEN; INFRARED SPECTRA; MULTIPLETS; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; PHOTOIONIZATION; QUASARS; RED SHIFT; STELLAR WINDS