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Title: THE TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION OF HORIZONTAL BRANCH STARS: METHODS AND FIRST RESULTS

As part of a large project aimed at characterizing the ultraviolet (UV) properties of globular clusters, we present here a theoretical and observational analysis aimed at setting the framework for the determination of horizontal branch (HB) temperature distributions. Indeed this is crucial information needed to understand the physical parameters shaping the HB morphology in globular clusters and to interpret the UV emission from unresolved stellar systems. We found that the use of zero age HB color-T {sub eff} relations is a robust way to derive effective temperatures of individual HB stars. We investigated the most suitable colors for temperature estimates and the effect on the color-T {sub eff} relations of variations of the initial chemical composition and the evolution off the zero age HB. As a test case, we applied our color-T {sub eff} calibrations to the Galactic globular cluster M15. The photometry of M15 has been obtained with the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 on board the Hubble Space Telescope. The HB of M15 turned out to have a multimodal distribution, with a main component peaking at T{sub eff} ∼ 8000 K and confined below T{sub eff} ∼ 10,000 K. The second component peaks at T{sub eff} ∼ 14,000 K andmore » extends up to T{sub eff} ∼ 20,000 K. The vast majority ( ∼ 95%) of the HB stars in M15 is below 20,000 K, in agreement with the lack of a well populated extreme HB observed in other metal-poor globular clusters. We also verified that the temperatures derived with our analysis are consistent with spectroscopic estimates available in the literature.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40126 Bologna (Italy)
  2. Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, IC2 Liverpool Science Park, 146 Brownlow Hill, L3 5RF Liverpool (United Kingdom)
  3. INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364207
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 800; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CALIBRATION; CAMERAS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; COLOR; METALS; MILKY WAY; MORPHOLOGY; PHOTOMETRY; SPACE; STAR CLUSTERS; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; TELESCOPES; TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION