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Title: SUPERMODEL ANALYSIS OF A1246 AND J255: ON THE EVOLUTION OF GALAXY CLUSTERS FROM HIGH TO LOW ENTROPY STATES

We present an analysis of high-quality X-ray data out to the virial radius for the two galaxy clusters A1246 and GMBCG J255.34805+64.23661 (J255) by means of our entropy-based SuperModel. For A1246 we find that the spherically averaged entropy profile of the intracluster medium (ICM) progressively flattens outward, and that a nonthermal pressure component amounting to ≈20% of the total is required to support hydrostatic equilibrium in the outskirts; there we also estimate a modest value C ≈ 1.6 of the ICM clumping factor. These findings agree with previous analyses on other cool-core, relaxed clusters, and lend further support to the picture by Lapi et al. that relates the entropy flattening, the development of the nonthermal pressure component, and the azimuthal variation of ICM properties to weakening boundary shocks. In this scenario clusters are born in a high-entropy state throughout, and are expected to develop on similar timescales a low-entropy state both at the center due to cooling, and in the outskirts due to weakening shocks. However, the analysis of J255 testifies how such a typical evolutionary course can be interrupted or even reversed by merging especially at intermediate redshift, as predicted by Cavaliere et al. In fact, a merger hasmore » rejuvenated the ICM of this cluster at z ≈ 0.45 by reestablishing a high-entropy state in the outskirts, while leaving intact or erasing only partially the low-entropy, cool core at the center.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. IAPS-INAF, Via Fosso del Cavaliere, I-00133 Roma (Italy)
  2. Dip. Fisica, Univ. "Tor Vergata", Via Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364199
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 800; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ENTROPY; EQUILIBRIUM; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXY CLUSTERS; RED SHIFT; STAR CLUSTERS; STAR EVOLUTION; VARIATIONS; X RADIATION; X-RAY GALAXIES