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Title: ALMA IMAGING OF HCN, CS, AND DUST IN ARP 220 AND NGC 6240

We report ALMA Band 7 (350 GHz) imaging at 0.''4-0.''6 resolution and Band 9 (696 GHz) at ∼0.''25 resolution of the luminous IR galaxies Arp 220 and NGC 6240. The long wavelength dust continuum is used to estimate interstellar medium masses for Arp 220 east and west and NGC 6240 of 1.9, 4.2, and 1.6 × 10{sup 9} M {sub ☉}within radii of 69, 65, and 190 pc. The HCN emission was modeled to derive the emissivity distribution as a function of radius and the kinematics of each nuclear disk, yielding dynamical masses consistent with the masses and sizes derived from the dust emission. In Arp 220, the major dust and gas concentrations are at radii less than 50 pc in both counter-rotating nuclear disks. The thickness of the disks in Arp 220 estimated from the velocity dispersion and rotation velocities are 10-20 pc and the mean gas densities are n{sub H{sub 2}}∼10{sup 5} cm{sup –3} at R <50 pc. We develop an analytic treatment for the molecular excitation (including photon trapping), yielding volume densities for both the HCN and CS emission with n {sub H2} ∼ 2 × 10{sup 5} cm{sup –3}. The agreement of the mean density from the total mass and size withmore » that required for excitation suggests that the volume is essentially filled with dense gas, i.e., it is not cloudy or like swiss cheese.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ; ;  [6] ;  [7] ; ; ;  [8] ; ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [13] more »; « less
  1. California Institute of Technology, MC 249-17, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
  2. North American ALMA Science Center, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22901 (United States)
  3. Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
  4. Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States)
  5. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States)
  6. Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, HI 96822 (United States)
  7. Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)
  8. Department of Astronomy and Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson AZ 85721 (United States)
  9. Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)
  10. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  11. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22901 (United States)
  12. TAPIR 350-17, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
  13. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364194
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 800; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CONCENTRATION RATIO; COSMIC DUST; DENSITY; EXCITATION; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GHZ RANGE; HYDROCYANIC ACID; HYDROGEN; MASS; ROTATION; STAR CLUSTERS; TRAPPING; VELOCITY