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Title: EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENT ON GALAXIES' MASS-SIZE DISTRIBUTION: UNVEILING THE TRANSITION FROM OUTSIDE-IN TO INSIDE-OUT EVOLUTION

The distribution of galaxies on the mass-size plane as a function of redshift or environment is a powerful test for galaxy formation models. Here we use integral-field stellar kinematics to interpret the variation of the mass-size distribution in two galaxy samples spanning extreme environmental densities. The samples are both identically and nearly mass-selected (stellar mass M {sub *} ≳ 6 × 10{sup 9} M {sub ☉}) and volume-limited. The first consists of nearby field galaxies from the ATLAS{sup 3D} parent sample. The second consists of galaxies in the Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), one of the densest environments for which good, resolved spectroscopy can be obtained. The mass-size distribution in the dense environment differs from the field one in two ways: (1) spiral galaxies are replaced by bulge-dominated disk-like fast-rotator early-type galaxies (ETGs), which follow the same mass-size relation and have the same mass distribution as in the field sample; (2) the slow-rotator ETGs are segregated in mass from the fast rotators, with their size increasing proportionally to their mass. A transition between the two processes appears around the stellar mass M {sub crit} ≈ 2 × 10{sup 11} M {sub ☉}. We interpret this as evidence for bulge growth (outside-in evolution) andmore » bulge-related environmental quenching dominating at low masses, with little influence from merging. In contrast, significant dry mergers (inside-out evolution) and halo-related quenching drives the mass and size growth at the high-mass end. The existence of these two processes naturally explains the diverse size evolution of galaxies of different masses and the separability of mass and environmental quenching.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Sub-Department of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364139
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 778; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; INTEGRALS; MASS DISTRIBUTION; QUENCHING; RED SHIFT; STAR MODELS; VARIATIONS