skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: FLICKERING OF 1.3 cm SOURCES IN SGR B2: TOWARD A SOLUTION TO THE ULTRACOMPACT H II REGION LIFETIME PROBLEM

Accretion flows onto massive stars must transfer mass so quickly that they are themselves gravitationally unstable, forming dense clumps and filaments. These density perturbations interact with young massive stars, emitting ionizing radiation, alternately exposing and confining their H II regions. As a result, the H II regions are predicted to flicker in flux density over periods of decades to centuries rather than increase monotonically in size as predicted by simple Spitzer solutions. We have recently observed the Sgr B2 region at 1.3 cm with the Very Large Array in its three hybrid configurations (DnC, CnB, and BnA) at a resolution of ∼0.''25. These observations were made to compare in detail with matched continuum observations from 1989. At 0.''25 resolution, Sgr B2 contains 41 ultracompact (UC) H II regions, 6 of which are hypercompact. The new observations of Sgr B2 allow comparison of relative peak flux densities for the H II regions in Sgr B2 over a 23 year time baseline (1989-2012) in one of the most source-rich massive star forming regions in the Milky Way. The new 1.3 cm continuum images indicate that four of the 41 UC H II regions exhibit significant changes in their peak flux density, with one source (K3) dropping in peak fluxmore » density, and the other three sources (F10.303, F1, and F3) increasing in peak flux density. The results are consistent with statistical predictions from simulations of high mass star formation, suggesting that they offer a solution to the lifetime problem for UC H II regions.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7]
  1. Agnes Scott College, 141 East College Avenue, Decatur, GA 30030 (United States)
  2. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Zürich, CH-8057 Zürich (Switzerland)
  3. American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024 (United States)
  4. Harvard-Smithsonian CfA, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  5. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States)
  6. European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)
  7. Zentrum für Astronomie, Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Universität Heidelberg, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364012
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 781; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DISTURBANCES; FLUX DENSITY; H2 REGIONS; IMAGES; IONIZING RADIATIONS; LIFETIME; MASS TRANSFER; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; MILKY WAY; RESOLUTION; STAR ACCRETION; STARS