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Title: Hot galactic winds constrained by the X-ray luminosities of galaxies

Galactic superwinds may be driven by very hot outflows generated by overlapping supernovae within the host galaxy. We use the Chevalier and Clegg (CC85) wind model and the observed correlation between X-ray luminosities of galaxies and their star formation rates (SFRs) to constrain the mass-loss rates ( M-dot {sub hot}) across a wide range of SFRs, from dwarf starbursts to ultraluminous infrared galaxies. We show that for fixed thermalization and mass-loading efficiencies, the X-ray luminosity of the hot wind scales as L{sub X} ∝SFR{sup 2}, significantly steeper than is observed for star-forming galaxies: L{sub X} ∝SFR. Using this difference, we constrain the mass-loading and thermalization efficiency of hot galactic winds. For reasonable values of the thermalization efficiency (≲ 1) and for SFR ≳ 10 M {sub ☉} yr{sup –1} we find that M-dot {sub hot}/SFR≲ 1, which is significantly lower than required by integrated constraints on the efficiency of stellar feedback in galaxies and potentially too low to explain observations of winds from rapidly star-forming galaxies. In addition, we highlight the fact that heavily mass-loaded winds cannot be described by the adiabatic CC85 model because they become strongly radiative.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)
  2. Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)
  3. Astronomy Department and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, 601 Campbell Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22357289
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 784; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CORRELATIONS; EFFICIENCY; EVOLUTION; FEEDBACK; LIMITING VALUES; LUMINOSITY; MASS TRANSFER; STAR EVOLUTION; STELLAR WINDS; SUPERNOVAE; THERMALIZATION; X RADIATION; X-RAY GALAXIES