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Title: A solar eruption driven by rapid sunspot rotation

We present the observation of a major solar eruption that is associated with fast sunspot rotation. The event includes a sigmoidal filament eruption, a coronal mass ejection, and a GOES X2.1 flare from NOAA active region 11283. The filament and some overlying arcades were partially rooted in a sunspot. The sunspot rotated at ∼10° hr{sup –1} during a period of 6 hr prior to the eruption. In this period, the filament was found to rise gradually along with the sunspot rotation. Based on the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager observation, for an area along the polarity inversion line underneath the filament, we found gradual pre-eruption decreases of both the mean strength of the photospheric horizontal field (B{sub h} ) and the mean inclination angle between the vector magnetic field and the local radial (or vertical) direction. These observations are consistent with the pre-eruption gradual rising of the filament-associated magnetic structure. In addition, according to the nonlinear force-free field reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field, a pre-eruption magnetic flux rope structure is found to be in alignment with the filament, and a considerable amount of magnetic energy was transported to the corona during the period of sunspot rotation. Our study provides evidencemore » that in this event sunspot rotation plays an important role in twisting, energizing, and destabilizing the coronal filament-flux rope system, and led to the eruption. We also propose that the pre-event evolution of B{sub h} may be used to discern the driving mechanism of eruptions.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Institute of Space Sciences and School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University, Weihai 264209 (China)
  2. Space Weather Research Laboratory, Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research, NJIT, Newark, NJ 07102 (United States)
  3. Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)
  4. Department of Physics and CSPAR, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)
  5. Institute of Mathematics and Physics, University of Aberystwyth, Aberystwyth SY23 3BZ (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22357233
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 784; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ERUPTION; EVOLUTION; FILAMENTS; IMAGES; INCLINATION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC FLUX; MASS; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PHOTOSPHERE; ROTATION; SUN; SUNSPOTS