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Title: The distribution of dark matter in the Milky Way's disk

We present an analysis of the effects of dissipational baryonic physics on the local dark matter (DM) distribution at the location of the Sun, with an emphasis on the consequences for direct detection experiments. Our work is based on a comparative analysis of two cosmological simulations with identical initial conditions of a Milky Way halo, one of which (Eris) is a full hydrodynamic simulation and the other (ErisDark) is a DM-only one. We find that in Eris two distinct processes lead to a 30% enhancement of DM in the disk plane at the location of the Sun: the accretion and disruption of satellites resulting in a DM component with net angular momentum, and the contraction of baryons pulling the DM into the disk plane without forcing it to co-rotate. Owing to its particularly quiescent merger history for dark halos of Milky Way mass, the co-rotating dark disk in Eris is less massive than what has been suggested by previous work, contributing only 9% of the local DM density. Yet, since the simulation results in a realistic Milky Way analog galaxy, its DM halo provides a plausible alternative to the Maxwellian standard halo model (SHM) commonly used in direct detection analyses.more » The speed distribution in Eris is broadened and shifted to higher speeds, compared to its DM-only twin simulation ErisDark. At high speeds f(v) falls more steeply in Eris than in ErisDark or the SHM, easing the tension between recent results from the CDMS-II and XENON100 experiments. The non-Maxwellian aspects of f(v) are still present, but much less pronounced in Eris than in the DM-only runs. The weak dark disk increases the time-averaged scattering rate by only a few percent at low recoil energies. On the high velocity tail, however, the increase in typical speeds due to baryonic contraction results in strongly enhanced mean scattering rates compared to ErisDark, although they are still suppressed compared to the SHM. Similar trends are seen regarding the amplitude of the annual modulation, while the modulated fraction is increased compared to the SHM and decreased compared to ErisDark.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)
  2. ETH Zurich, Institute for Astronomy, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, CH-8049 Zurich (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22357229
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 784; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; AMPLITUDES; ANGULAR MOMENTUM; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DETECTION; DISTRIBUTION; MASS; MILKY WAY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RECOILS; SATELLITES; SCATTERING; SIMULATION; SUN; VELOCITY