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Title: Verification of the helioseismology travel-time measurement technique and the inversion procedure for sound speed using artificial data

We performed three-dimensional numerical simulations of the solar surface acoustic wave field for the quiet Sun and for three models with different localized sound-speed perturbations in the interior with deep, shallow, and two-layer structures. We used the simulated data generated by two solar acoustics codes that employ the same standard solar model as a background model, but utilize different integration techniques and different models of stochastic wave excitation. Acoustic travel times were measured using a time-distance helioseismology technique, and compared with predictions from ray theory frequently used for helioseismic travel-time inversions. It is found that the measured travel-time shifts agree well with the helioseismic theory for sound-speed perturbations, and for the measurement procedure with and without phase-speed filtering of the oscillation signals. This testing verifies the whole measuring-filtering-inversion procedure for static sound-speed anomalies with small amplitude inside the Sun outside regions of strong magnetic field. It is shown that the phase-speed filtering, frequently used to extract specific wave packets and improve the signal-to-noise ratio, does not introduce significant systematic errors. Results of the sound-speed inversion procedure show good agreement with the perturbation models in all cases. Due to its smoothing nature, the inversion procedure may overestimate sound-speed variations in regionsmore » with sharp gradients of the sound-speed profile.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Stanford University, HEPL, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22357178
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 785; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; AMPLITUDES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DISTURBANCES; EXCITATION; FORECASTING; LAYERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; OSCILLATIONS; PERTURBATION THEORY; SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO; STAR MODELS; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; SUN; SUNSPOTS; SURFACES; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TIME MEASUREMENT; VELOCITY; WAVE PACKETS