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Title: The galaxy cluster mid-infrared luminosity function at 1.3 < z < 3.2

We present 4.5 μm luminosity functions for galaxies identified in 178 candidate galaxy clusters at 1.3 < z < 3.2. The clusters were identified as Spitzer/Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) color-selected overdensities in the Clusters Around Radio-Loud AGN project, which imaged 420 powerful radio-loud active galactic nuclei (RLAGNs) at z > 1.3. The luminosity functions are derived for different redshift and richness bins, and the IRAC imaging reaches depths of m* + 2, allowing us to measure the faint end slopes of the luminosity functions. We find that α = –1 describes the luminosity function very well in all redshift bins and does not evolve significantly. This provides evidence that the rate at which the low mass galaxy population grows through star formation gets quenched and is replenished by in-falling field galaxies does not have a major net effect on the shape of the luminosity function. Our measurements for m* are consistent with passive evolution models and high formation redshifts (z{sub f} ∼ 3). We find a slight trend toward fainter m* for the richest clusters, implying that the most massive clusters in our sample could contain older stellar populations, yet another example of cosmic downsizing. Modeling shows that a contributionmore » of a star-forming population of up to 40% cannot be ruled out. This value, found from our targeted survey, is significantly lower than the values found for slightly lower redshift, z ∼ 1, clusters found in wide-field surveys. The results are consistent with cosmic downsizing, as the clusters studied here were all found in the vicinity of RLAGNs—which have proven to be preferentially located in massive dark matter halos in the richest environments at high redshift—and they may therefore be older and more evolved systems than the general protocluster population.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9]
  1. European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschildstr.2, D-85748 Garching bei München (Germany)
  2. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, 5110 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)
  4. INAF-Osservatorio di Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00040, Monteporzio (Italy)
  5. Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)
  6. Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)
  7. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD (United Kingdom)
  8. CASS, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW, 1710 (Australia)
  9. Physics Department, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22357036
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 786; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COLOR; EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GALAXY NUCLEI; IMAGES; LUMINOSITY; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RED SHIFT; SIMULATION; STARS