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Title: Galaxy halo formation in the absence of violent relaxation and a universal density profile of the halo center

While N-body simulations testify to a cuspy profile of the central region of dark matter halos, observations favor a shallow, cored density profile of the central region of at least some spiral galaxies and dwarf spheroidals. We show that a central profile, very close to the observed one, inevitably forms in the center of dark matter halos if we make a supposition about a moderate energy relaxation of the system during the halo formation. If we assume the energy exchange between dark matter particles during the halo collapse is not too intensive, the profile is universal: it depends almost not at all on the properties of the initial perturbation and is very akin, but not identical, to the Einasto profile with a small Einasto index n ∼ 0.5. We estimate the size of the 'central core' of the distribution, i.e., the extent of the very central region with a respectively gentle profile, and show that the cusp formation is unlikely, even if the dark matter is cold. The obtained profile is in good agreement with observational data for at least some types of galaxies but clearly disagrees with N-body simulations.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, GermanyAND (Germany)
  2. (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356998
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 786; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CUSPED GEOMETRIES; DENSITY; DISTRIBUTION; DISTURBANCES; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; ENERGY TRANSFER; GALAXIES; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; PERTURBATION THEORY; RELAXATION; SIMULATION; UNIVERSE