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Title: Interstellar and ejecta dust in the cas a supernova remnant

Infrared continuum observations provide a means of investigating the physical composition of the dust in the ejecta and swept up medium of the Cas A supernova remnant (SNR). Using low-resolution Spitzer IRS spectra (5-35 μm), and broad-band Herschel PACS imaging (70, 100, and 160 μm), we identify characteristic dust spectra, associated with ejecta layers that underwent distinct nuclear burning histories. The most luminous spectrum exhibits strong emission features at ∼9 and 21 μm and is closely associated with ejecta knots with strong Ar emission lines. The dust features can be reproduced by magnesium silicate grains with relatively low Mg to Si ratios. Another dust spectrum is associated with ejecta having strong Ne emission lines. It has no indication of any silicate features and is best fit by Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} dust. A third characteristic dust spectrum shows features that are best matched by magnesium silicates with a relatively high Mg to Si ratio. This dust is primarily associated with the X-ray-emitting shocked ejecta, but it is also evident in regions where shocked interstellar or circumstellar material is expected. However, the identification of dust composition is not unique, and each spectrum includes an additional featureless dust component of unknown composition. Coldermore » dust of indeterminate composition is associated with emission from the interior of the SNR, where the reverse shock has not yet swept up and heated the ejecta. Most of the dust mass in Cas A is associated with this unidentified cold component, which is ≲ 0.1 M {sub ☉}. The mass of warmer dust is only ∼0.04 M {sub ☉}.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. CRESST, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States)
  2. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 665, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
  3. SETI Institute, 189 Bernardo Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94043 (United States)
  4. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356988
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 786; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DUSTS; EMISSION; INFRARED SPECTRA; LAYERS; MAGNESIUM; MASS; PERTURBED ANGULAR CORRELATION; RESOLUTION; SILICON; SPECTRA; SUPERNOVA REMNANTS; X RADIATION