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Title: Diffuse γ-ray emission from unresolved BL Lac objects

Blazars, active galactic nuclei with a jet pointing toward the Earth, represent the most abundant class of high-energy extragalactic γ-ray sources. The subset of blazars known as BL Lac objects is on average closer to Earth (i.e., younger) and characterized by harder spectra at high energy than the whole sample. The fraction of BL Lacs that is too dim to be detected and resolved by current γ-ray telescopes is therefore expected to contribute to the high-energy isotropic diffuse γ-ray background (IGRB). The IGRB has been recently measured over a wide energy range by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi). We present a new prediction of the diffuse γ-ray flux due to the unresolved BL Lac blazar population. The model is built upon the spectral energy distribution and the luminosity function derived from the fraction of BL Lacs detected (and spectrally characterized) in the γ-ray energy range. We focus our attention on the O(100) GeV energy range, predicting the emission up to the TeV scale and taking into account the absorption on the extragalactic background light. In order to better shape the BL Lac spectral energy distribution, we combine the Fermi-LAT data with Imaging Atmosphericmore » Cerenkov Telescope measurements of the most energetic sources. Our analysis is carried on separately for low- and intermediate-synchrotron-peaked BL Lacs on the one hand and high-synchrotron-peaked BL Lacs on the other hand: we find in fact statistically different features for the two. The diffuse emission from the sum of both BL Lac classes increases from about 10% of the measured IGRB at 100 MeV to ∼100% of the data level at 100 GeV. At energies greater than 100 GeV, our predictions naturally explain the IGRB data, accommodating their softening with increasing energy. Uncertainties are estimated to be within of a factor of two of the best-fit flux up to 500 GeV.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Physics Department, Torino University, and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Torino, via Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy)
  2. Laboratoire d' Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique des Particules (LAPP), Univ. de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3, Annecy-le-Vieux F-74941 (France)
  3. Laboratoire d' Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique Théorique (LAPTh), Univ. de Savoie, CNRS, B.P.110, Annecy-le-Vieux F-74941 (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356939
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 786; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; BL LACERTAE OBJECTS; EMISSION; ENERGY SPECTRA; GALAXIES; GALAXY NUCLEI; GAMMA RADIATION; GEV RANGE; LUMINOSITY; MASS; MEV RANGE; SPACE; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION; TELESCOPES; TEV RANGE; VISIBLE RADIATION