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Title: Hubble space telescope observations and geometric models of compact multipolar planetary nebulae

We report high angular resolution Hubble Space Telescope observations of 10 compact planetary nebulae (PNs). Many interesting internal structures, including multipolar lobes, arcs, two-dimensional rings, tori, and halos, are revealed for the first time. These results suggest that multipolar structures are common among PNs, and these structures develop early in their evolution. From three-dimensional geometric models, we have determined the intrinsic dimensions of the lobes. Assuming the lobes are the result of interactions between later-developed fast winds and previously ejected asymptotic giant branch winds, the geometric structures of these PNs suggest that there are multiple phases of fast winds separated by temporal variations and/or directional changes. A scenario of evolution from lobe-dominated to cavity-dominated stages is presented. The results reported here will provide serious constraints on any dynamical models of PNs.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356876
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 787; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTIONS; COMPACTS; INTERACTIONS; MASS TRANSFER; PLANETARY NEBULAE; RESOLUTION; SPACE; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; TELESCOPES; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS