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Title: A comprehensive study of relativistic gravity using PSR B1534+12

We present updated analyses of pulse profiles and their arrival times from PSR B1534+12, a 37.9 ms radio pulsar in orbit with another neutron star. A high-precision timing model is derived from 22 yr of timing data and accounts for all astrophysical processes that systematically affect pulse arrival times. Five 'post-Keplerian' parameters are measured that represent relativistic corrections to the standard Keplerian quantities of the pulsar's binary orbit. These relativistic parameters are then used to test general relativity by comparing the measurements with their predicted values. We conclude that relativity theory is confirmed to within 0.17% of its predictions. Furthermore, we derive the following astrophysical results from our timing analysis: a distance of d {sub GR} = 1.051 ± 0.005 kpc to the pulsar-binary system, by relating the 'excess' orbital decay to Galactic parameters; evidence for pulse 'jitter' in PSR B1534+12 due to short-term magnetospheric activity; and evolution in pulse-dispersion properties. As a secondary study, we also present several analyses on pulse-structure evolution and its connection to relativistic precession of the pulsar's spin axis. The precession-rate measurement yields a value of Ω{sub 1}{sup spin}=0.59{sub −0.08}{sup +0.12}° yr{sup –1} (68% confidence) that is consistent with expectations and represents an additional testmore » of relativistic gravity.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T-1Z1 (Canada)
  2. Department of Physics, Willamette University, Salem, OR 97301 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356813
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 787; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCURACY; ASTROPHYSICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRECTIONS; DECAY; DISPERSIONS; EVOLUTION; GENERAL RELATIVITY THEORY; GRAVITATION; NEUTRON STARS; ORBITS; PRECESSION; PULSARS; PULSES; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SPIN