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Title: Modeling convective core overshoot and diffusion in Procyon constrained by asteroseismic data

We compare evolved stellar models, which match Procyon's mass and position in the HR diagram, to current ground-based asteroseismic observations. Diffusion of helium and metals along with two conventional core overshoot descriptions and the Kuhfuss nonlocal theory of convection are considered. We establish that one of the two published asteroseismic data reductions for Procyon, which mainly differ in their identification of even versus odd l values, is a significantly more probable and self-consistent match to our models than the other. The most probable models according to our Bayesian analysis have evolved to just short of turnoff, still retaining a hydrogen convective core. Our most probable models include Y and Z diffusion and have conventional core overshoot between 0.9 and 1.5 pressure scale heights, which increases the outer radius of the convective core by between 36% and 43%, respectively. We discuss the significance of this comparatively higher than expected core overshoot amount in terms of internal mixing during evolution. The parameters of our most probable models are similar regardless of whether adiabatic or nonadiabatic model p-mode frequencies are compared to the observations, although, the Bayesian probabilities are greater when the nonadiabatic model frequencies are used. All the most probable models (withmore » or without core overshoot, adiabatic or nonadiabatic model frequencies, diffusion or no diffusion, including priors for the observed HRD location and mass or not) have masses that are within 1σ of the observed mass 1.497 ± 0.037 M {sub ☉}.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Astronomy and Physics, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, NS B3H 3C3 (Canada)
  2. Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356732
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 787; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DIFFUSION; HYDROGEN; METALS; MIXING; PROBABILITY; REDUCTION; SCALE HEIGHT; SIMULATION; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS