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Title: Magnetohydrodynamic slow mode with drifting He{sup ++}: Implications for coronal seismology and the solar wind

The MHD slow mode wave has application to coronal seismology, MHD turbulence, and the solar wind where it can be produced by parametric instabilities. We consider analytically how a drifting ion species (e.g. He{sup ++}) affects the linear slow mode wave in a mainly electron-proton plasma, with potential consequences for the aforementioned applications. Our main conclusions are as follows. 1. For wavevectors highly oblique to the magnetic field, we find solutions that are characterized by very small perturbations of total pressure. Thus, our results may help to distinguish the MHD slow mode from kinetic Alfvén waves and non-propagating pressure-balanced structures, which can also have very small total pressure perturbations. 2. For small ion concentrations, there are solutions that are similar to the usual slow mode in an electron-proton plasma, and solutions that are dominated by the drifting ions, but for small drifts the wave modes cannot be simply characterized. 3. Even with zero ion drift, the standard dispersion relation for the highly oblique slow mode cannot be used with the Alfvén speed computed using the summed proton and ion densities, and with the sound speed computed from the summed pressures and densities of all species. 4. The ions can drivemore » a non-resonant instability under certain circumstances. For low plasma beta, the threshold drift can be less than that required to destabilize electromagnetic modes, but damping from the Landau resonance can eliminate this instability altogether, unless T{sub e} /T{sub p} >> 1.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Space Science Center, Morse Hall, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States)
  2. Space Science Center and Department of Physics, Morse Hall, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356706
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 788; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABUNDANCE; ALFVEN WAVES; BALANCES; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DENSITY; DISPERSION RELATIONS; DISTURBANCES; HELIUM IONS; ION DRIFT; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PARAMETRIC INSTABILITIES; PERTURBATION THEORY; PLASMA; PROTONS; RESONANCE; SOLAR WIND; SUN; TURBULENCE; VELOCITY