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Title: The OH rotational population and photodissociation of H{sub 2}O in DG Tauri

We analyze the OH rotational emission in the Spitzer Space Telescope mid-infrared spectrum of the T Tauri star DG Tau. OH is observed in emission from upper level energies of 1900 K to 28,000 K. The rotational diagram cannot be fit with any single combination of temperature and column density and has slopes that correspond to excitation temperatures ranging from 200 K to 6000 K. The relative Λ-doublet population within each rotational level is not equal, showing that the OH population is not in thermal equilibrium. The symmetric Λ-doublet state is preferred in all rotational states, with an average of 0.5 for the population ratio of the anti-symmetric to symmetric state. We show that the population distribution of the high rotational lines and the Λ-doublet ratio are consistent with the formation of OH following the photo-dissociation of H{sub 2}O by FUV photons in the second absorption band of water (∼1150-1400 Å), which includes Lyα. Other processes, OH formation from either photo-dissociation of water in the first absorption band (1450-1900 Å) or the reaction O({sup 1} D) + H{sub 2}, or collisional excitation, cannot explain the observed emission in the high rotational states but could potentially contribute to the population ofmore » lower rotational levels. These results demonstrate that the photodissociation of water is active in DG Tau and support the idea that the hot rotational OH emission commonly observed in Classical T Tauri stars is due to the dissociation of H{sub 2}O by FUV radiation.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7211, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)
  2. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85716 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356654
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 788; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; ACCRETION DISKS; DENSITY; DISSOCIATION; DISTRIBUTION; EMISSION; EXCITATION; FAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; HYDROGEN; INFRARED SPECTRA; LYMAN LINES; PHOTOLYSIS; PHOTONS; PROTOPLANETS; ROTATIONAL STATES; SPACE; SYMMETRY; T TAURI STARS; TELESCOPES; THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM