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Title: Winds of low-metallicity OB-type stars: HST-COS spectroscopy in IC 1613

We present the first quantitative ultraviolet spectroscopic analysis of resolved OB stars in IC 1613. Because of its alleged very low metallicity (≲1/10 Z {sub ☉}, from H II regions), studies in this Local Group dwarf galaxy could become a significant step forward from the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) toward the extremely metal-poor massive stars of the early universe. We present HST-COS data covering the ∼1150-1800 Å wavelength range with resolution R ∼ 2500. We find that the targets do exhibit wind features, and these are similar in strength to SMC stars. Wind terminal velocities were derived from the observed P Cygni profiles with the Sobolev plus Exact Integration method. The v {sub ∞}-Z relationship has been revisited. The terminal velocity of IC 1613 O stars is clearly lower than Milky Way counterparts, but there is no clear difference between IC 1613 and SMC or LMC analog stars. We find no clear segregation with host galaxy in the terminal velocities of B-supergiants, nor in the v {sub ∞}/v {sub esc} ratio of the whole OB star sample in any of the studied galaxies. Finally, we present the first evidence that the Fe-abundance of IC 1613 OB stars is similar tomore » the SMC, which is in agreement with previous results on red supergiants. With the confirmed ∼1/10 solar oxygen abundances of B-supergiants, our results indicate that IC 1613's α/Fe ratio is sub-solar.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Centro de Astrobiología, CSIC-INTA. Ctra. Torrejón a Ajalvir km.4, E-28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid (Spain)
  2. Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias. Vía Láctea s/n, E-38200 La Laguna (S. C. Tenerife) (Spain)
  3. European Space Astronomy Centre, Camino Bajo del Castillo, E-28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid (Spain)
  4. Institute for Astro- and Particle Physics, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25/8, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356652
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 788; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABUNDANCE; MAGELLANIC CLOUDS; METALLICITY; METALS; MILKY WAY; OXYGEN; RESOLUTION; SEGREGATION; SPECTROSCOPY; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; UNIVERSE; VELOCITY; WAVELENGTHS