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Title: OGLE-2008-BLG-355Lb: A massive planet around a late-type star

We report the discovery of a massive planet, OGLE-2008-BLG-355Lb. The light curve analysis indicates a planet:host mass ratio of q = 0.0118 ± 0.0006 at a separation of 0.877 ± 0.010 Einstein radii. We do not measure a significant microlensing parallax signal and do not have high angular resolution images that could detect the planetary host star. Therefore, we do not have a direct measurement of the host star mass. A Bayesian analysis, assuming that all host stars have equal probability to host a planet with the measured mass ratio, implies a host star mass of M{sub h}=0.37{sub −0.17}{sup +0.30} M{sub ⊙} and a companion of mass M{sub P}=4.6{sub −2.2}{sup +3.7}M{sub J}, at a projected separation of r{sub ⊥}=1.70{sub −0.30}{sup +0.29} AU. The implied distance to the planetary system is D {sub L} = 6.8 ± 1.1 kpc. A planetary system with the properties preferred by the Bayesian analysis may be a challenge to the core accretion model of planet formation, as the core accretion model predicts that massive planets are far more likely to form around more massive host stars. This core accretion model prediction is not consistent with our Bayesian prior of an equal probability of host starsmore » of all masses to host a planet with the measured mass ratio. Thus, if the core accretion model prediction is right, we should expect that follow-up high angular resolution observations will detect a host star with a mass in the upper part of the range allowed by the Bayesian analysis. That is, the host would probably be a K or G dwarf.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ; ; ;  [5] ; ; ; ; ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] more »; ; ; « less
  1. Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)
  2. Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa (Poland)
  3. Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)
  4. Institute of Information and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 102-904, North Shore Mail Centre, Auckland (New Zealand)
  5. Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland (New Zealand)
  6. Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya, 464-8601 (Japan)
  7. Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory, 3037-5 Honjo, Kamogata, Asakuchi, Okayama 719-0232 (Japan)
  8. Department of Physics, Konan University, Nishiokamoto 8-9-1, Kobe 658-8501 (Japan)
  9. Nagano National College of Technology, Nagano 381-8550 (Japan)
  10. Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology, Tokyo 116-8523 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356600
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 788; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; DISTANCE; DWARF STARS; FORECASTING; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; IMAGES; MASS; PLANETS; PROBABILITY; RESOLUTION; STARS; VISIBLE RADIATION