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Title: Generation of magnetic structures on the solar photosphere

The lower solar atmosphere is a partially ionized plasma consisting of electrons, ions, and neutral atoms. In this, which is essentially a three-fluid system, the Hall effect arises from the treatment of the electrons and ions as two separate fluids and the ambipolar diffusion arises from the inclusion of neutrals as the third fluid. The Hall effect and ambipolar diffusion have been shown to be operational in a region beginning from near the photosphere up to the chromosphere. In a partially ionized plasma, the magnetic induction is subjected to ambipolar diffusion and the Hall drift in addition to the usual resistive dissipation. These nonlinear effects create sharp magnetic structures which then submit themselves to various relaxation mechanisms. A first-principles derivation of these effects in a three-fluid system and an analytic solution to the magnetic induction equation in a stationary state are presented, which in the general case includes the Hall effect, ambipolar diffusion, and ohmic dissipation. The temporal evolution of the magnetic field is then investigated under the combined as well as the individual effects of the Hall drift and ambipolar diffusion to demonstrate the formation of steep magnetic structures and the resultant current sheet formation. These structures have justmore » the right features for the release of magnetic energy into the solar atmosphere.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore-560034 (India)
  2. Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences, University of Mumbai, Mumbai-400098 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356587
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 788; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; AMBIPOLAR DIFFUSION; ANALYTICAL SOLUTION; ATOMS; CHROMOSPHERE; EQUATIONS; EVOLUTION; FLUIDS; HALL EFFECT; INCLUSIONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PHOTOSPHERE; PLASMA; RELAXATION; SUN